There are many sources of Sapphire, which is the birthstone for September. One of the oldest sources of sapphire was in ancient Greece. The name sapphire was derived from Sappheiros, the Greek word for the island of Sappherine in the Arabian Sea. Sapphire was worn by the Greek God Apollo and his worshipers. The Greeks wore a sapphire for guidance.
Sri Lanka is another one of the sources of sapphire. It produces sapphires in many colors: green, yellow, pink, and purple. Many consider Sri Lanka as the best source for fancy colored sapphires in the world. Some of the finest sapphires are found in riverbeds across this country. The largest sapphire, 1404 carats, was discovered in a Sri Lanka mine.
Thailand is another important sources of sapphire. Gem fields in southeastern Thailand were mined from the late 1800’s to the early 1900’s. Madagascar is another of the sources of fancy colored sapphires, as well as Australia, which produces blue, yellow and green sapphires. Sapphires are also mined in Africa, Brazil, China, India, Myanmar, and North America. Their origin affects the value, along with carat size, clarity, color, and cut.
In the United States, Sapphires were first found in Montana in 1865 by early gold prospectors mining the Missouri River near Helena. These sapphires were the first sapphires found in the United States that were of gem-quality. Montana is known as the “Treasure State” because it is rich in two types of sapphires: the Yogo Sapphire from the central area of the state and the Fancy Montana Sapphire found in the west. Both are still mined today.
More About Sapphire
Sapphire is the second hardest mineral, called Corundum, an aluminum oxide that is usually red or blue in color. Fancy sapphires occur in many colors such as brown, green, orange, purple, violet, and yellow.
Buddhists believed sapphires brought spiritual enlightenment. Hindus used them to worship. Ancient Hebrews believed the Ten Commandments were engraved on sapphire tablets, but today is believed to be Lapis Lazuli, another blue stone.
In Great Britain, the Imperial State Crown is adorned with 2,901 precious stones, including the St Edward’s Sapphire and the Stuart Sapphire. This crown was worn by Queen Victoria in 1838 and then remounted in 1937 for King George IV. In 1953, the crown was redesigned to give a feminine appearance for the coronation of Queen Elizabeth the 2nd.
In 1981, Prince Charles gave Lady Diana a 12 carat blue sapphire engagement ring. Later in 2010, Prince William gave the ring to Catherine Middleton.
The Sapphire is attuned to Archangels Michael and Raziel, bringing Honesty, Loyalty, Purity, and Trust to the wearer. It also enhances your intuition. Happy Birthday to my September Babies: Myra Mara, Jai, Leigh. Doris, Kaylee, Steven, and Nicole.